Surah Taubah >> Currently viewing Surah Taubah Ayat 106 (9:106)

Surah Taubah Ayat 106 in Arabic Text

وَءَاخَرُونَ مُرْجَوْنَ لِأَمْرِ ٱللَّهِ إِمَّا يُعَذِّبُهُمْ وَإِمَّا يَتُوبُ عَلَيْهِمْ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌۭ
Wa aakharoona murjawna li amril laahi immaa yu’azzibuhum wa immaa yatoobu ‘alaihim; wallaahu ‘Aleemun Hakeem

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 106

Sahih International
And [there are] others deferred until the command of Allah – whether He will punish them or whether He will forgive them. And Allah is Knowing and Wise.

Yusuf Ali
There are (yet) others, held in suspense for the command of Allah, whether He will punish them, or turn in mercy to them: and Allah is All-Knowing, Wise.

Abul Ala Maududi
There are others in whose regard Allah’s decree is awaited: whether He will chastise them or relent towards them. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.

Muhsin Khan
And others await Allah’s Decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive them. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.

Pickthall
And (there are) others who await Allah’s decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive them. Allah is Knower, Wise.

Dr. Ghali
And others are put off (Or: postponed; i.e., their punishment or forgiveness is deferred) to the Command of Allah, whether He torments them, or He relents towards them; and Allah is EverKnowing, Ever-Wise.

Abdel Haleem
And there are others who are waiting for God’s decree, either to punish them or to show them mercy. God is all knowing and wise.

Quran 9 Verse 106 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Taubah ayat 106, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(9:106) There are others in whose regard Allah’s decree is awaited: whether He will chastise them or relent towards them. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.[101]


101. The case of these people had been deferred because it could not yet be legally decided whether they were sinners or hypocrites, and not because their case was doubtful in the sight of Allah. This was because the symptoms of their diseases had not as yet come to the surface to indicate clearly which of the two they were. For Islam teaches the Muslims not to pass judgment on a person or a party unless they possess definite knowledge based on conscious reasoning and not on intuition and the like to support it.

Ibn-Kathir

106. And others are made to await for Allah’s Decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive them. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.


Delaying the Decision about the Three Companions Who stayed away from the Battle of Tabuk

Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Ad-Dahhak and several others said that those mentioned in the Ayah are the three who were made to wait to know if their repentance was accepted; Mararah bin Ar-Rabi`, Ka`b bin Malik and Hilal bin Umayyah. Some Companions stayed behind from the battle of Tabuk due to laziness, preferring comfort, ease, ripe fruits and shade. They did not lag behind because of hypocrisy or doubts. Some of them tied themselves to the pillars (of the Masjid) like Abu Lubabah and several of his friends did. Some of them did not do that, and they are the three mentioned here. Those who tied themselves received their pardon before these three men whose pardon was delayed, until this Ayah was revealed,

﴿لَقَدْ تَابَ الله عَلَى النَّبِىِّ وَالْمُهَـجِرِينَ وَالاٌّنصَـرِ﴾

(Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin and the Ansar…)

﴿وَعَلَى الثَّلَـثَةِ الَّذِينَ خُلِّفُواْ حَتَّى إِذَا ضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الأَرْضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتْ﴾

(And the three who stayed behind, until for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened…) We will mention the Hadith about this story from Ka`b bin Malik. Allah said,

﴿إِمَّا يُعَذِّبُهُمْ وَإِمَّا يَتُوبُ عَلَيْهِمْ﴾

(whether He will punish them or will forgive them. ) meaning, they are at Allah’s mercy, if He wills, He pardons them or punishes them. However, Allah’s mercy comes before His anger,

﴿وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ﴾

(And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.) ﴿9:106﴾ Allah knows those who deserve the punishment and those who deserve the pardon. He is All-Wise in His actions and statements, there is no deity worthy of worship nor Lord besides Him.

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