Assalamualaikum, we begin with a short introduction of Surah Ash-Sharh also referred to as Al-Inshirah. The English meaning of this surah is “Solace” or “Comfort” and is the 94th chapter in the Quran. It is a short Meccan surah consisting of 8 ayats or verses.
This surah was revealed by Allah to Prophet Muhammad, may peace and blessings be upon him, to console and encourage him. The Prophet had to bare the blunt of the criticism and abuse when Islam was first revealed to him since people thought of him crazy. He had lost respect within his own friends, clansmen, and neighbors who began being harsh and hostile towards him. He was openly mocked in the streets as no one in Mecca was receptive to his message. Although he gradually became accustomed to this ridicule he faced a lot of hardship and this surah was revealed to help comfort him.
You can read surah Ash-Sharh (Al-Inshirah) with transliteration and translation below. After that you will find the Tafsir given by Ibn Kathir if you want to learn and understand this surah in more depth.
Read Surah Ash-Sharh Transliteration
Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem
In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful
Alam nashrah laka sadrak
1. Did We not expand for you, [O Muhammad], your breast?
Wa wa d’ana ‘anka wizrak
2. And We removed from you your burden
Allathee anqada thahrak
3. Which had weighed upon your back
WarafaAAna laka thikrak
4. And raised high for you your repute.
Fa inna ma’al usri yusra
5. For indeed, with hardship [will be] ease.
Inna ma’al ‘usri yusra
6. Indeed, with hardship [will be] ease.
Fa iza faragh ta fansab
7. So when you have finished [your duties], then stand up [for worship].
Wa-ila rabbika farghab
8. And to your Lord direct [your] longing.
Tafsir and Benefits of Surah Ash-Sharh
It’s important we learn from scholars that are reputable and intelligent. This Tafsir is by Ibn Kathir, a famous Mufassir (commentator of Quran). He is well known and respected for his keen memory and a highly regarded scholar of tafsir. The Tafsir of Ibn Kathir is known by many Muslims as a complete thorough explanation of The Quran and is often cited by many scholars in their research.
His books became popular during his lifetime, and since his death have benefited many people.
Which was revealed in Makkah
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(1. Have We not opened your breast for you)
The Meaning of opening the Breast
Allah says, (Have We not opened your breast for you) meaning, `have We not opened your chest for you.’
This means, `We illuminated it, and We made it spacious, vast and wide.’ This is as Allah says, (And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam.) (6:125) And just as Allah expanded his chest, He also made His Law vast, wide, accommodating and easy, containing no difficulty, hardship or burden.
A Discussion of Allah’s Favor upon His Messenger Concerning Allah’s statement
A Discussion of Allah’s Favor upon His Messenger Concerning Allah’s statement, (And removed from you your burden.) This means (That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future) (48:2) (Which weighed down your back) Al-Inqad means the sound. And more than one of the Salaf has said concerning Allah’s saying, (Which weighed down your back) meaning, `its burden weighed heavy upon you.’
The Meaning of raising the Fame of the prophet?
Allah then said, (And have we not raised high your fame?) Mujahid said, “I (Allah) am not remembered except that you are remembered with Me: I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” Qatadah said, “Allah raised his fame in this life and in the Hereafter. There is no one who gives a sermon, declares the Testimony of Faith (Shahadah), or prays a prayer (Salah) except that he proclaims it: I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”
Ease after Difficulty?
Concerning Allah’s saying, (Verily, along with every hardship is relief, Verily, along with every hardship is relief.) Allah informs that with difficulty there is ease, and then he reaffirms this information (by repeating it).
The Command to remember Allah during Spare Time?
Allah says, (So when you have finished, devote yourself to Allah’s worship, And to your Lord turn intentions and hopes.) meaning, ‘when you have completed your worldy affairs and its tasks, and you have broken away from its routine, then get up to perform the worship, and stand for it with zeal, complete devotion and purify your intention and desire for your Lord. Similar to this is the Prophet’s statement in a Hadith that is agreed-upon to be authentic, (There is no prayer when the food is served, nor when the two foul things (excrement and urine) are pressing a person.)
The Prophet also said, (When the prayer has started and the dinner has been served, then begin with dinner) Mujahid said concerning this Ayah, “When you are free from the worldy affairs, and you have stood to pray, then stand up for your Lord.”
This is the end of the Tafsir of Surah Al-Inshirah and all praise and blessings are due to Allah.