Surah Al-A’raf >> Currently viewing Surah Al-A’raf Ayat 167 (7:167)

Surah Al-A’raf Ayat 167 in Arabic Text

وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكَ لَيَبْعَثَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ ٱلْقِيَـٰمَةِ مَن يَسُومُهُمْ سُوٓءَ ٱلْعَذَابِ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَسَرِيعُ ٱلْعِقَابِ ۖ وَإِنَّهُۥ لَغَفُورٌۭ رَّحِيمٌۭ
Wa iz ta azzana Rabbuka la yab’asannna ‘alaihim ilaa Yawmil Qiyaamati mai yasoomuhum sooo’al ‘azaab; inna Rabbaka lasaree’ul ‘iqaabi wa innahoo la Ghafoorur Raheem

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 167

Sahih International
And [mention] when your Lord declared that He would surely [continue to] send upon them until the Day of Resurrection those who would afflict them with the worst torment. Indeed, your Lord is swift in penalty; but indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.

Yusuf Ali
Behold! thy Lord did declare that He would send against them, to the Day of Judgment, those who would afflict them with grievous penalty. Thy Lord is quick in retribution, but He is also Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

Abul Ala Maududi
And recall when Your Lord proclaimed that ‘He would continually set in authority over them, till the Day of Judgement, those who would ruthless oppress thern.’ Surely, your Lord is swift in chastising; and yet He is All-Forgiving, All-Merciful.

Muhsin Khan
And (remember) when your Lord declared that He would certainly keep on sending against them (i.e. the Jews), till the Day of Resurrection, those who would afflict them with a humiliating torment. Verily, your Lord is Quick in Retribution (for the disobedient, wicked) and certainly He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (for the obedient and those who beg Allah’s Forgiveness).

Pickthall
And (remember) when thy Lord proclaimed that He would raise against them till the Day of Resurrection those who would lay on them a cruel torment. Lo! verily thy Lord is swift in prosecution and lo! verily He is Forgiving, Merciful.

Dr. Ghali
And as your Lord has notified that indeed He will definitely send forth against them, to the Day of the Resurrection, ones who would mark them for an odious torment. Surely your Lord is indeed swift in punishment, and surely He is indeed Ever-Forgiving, Ever-Merciful..

Abdel Haleem
And then your Lord declared that, until the Day of Resurrection, He would send people against them to inflict terrible suffering on them. Your Lord is swift in punishment but He is most forgiving and merciful.

Quran 7 Verse 167 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Al-A’raf ayat 167, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(7:167) And recall when Your Lord proclaimed[127] that ‘He would continually set in authority over them, till the Day of Judgement, those who would ruthless oppress thern.’[128] Surely, your Lord is swift in chastising; and yet He is All-Forgiving, All-Merciful.


127. The Qur’anic expression ‘ta’adhdhana’ means almost the same ‘he warned; he proclaimed’.

128. Since the 8th century B.C. the Israelites were warned consistently. This is borne out by the contents of the Books of the Prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah, and their successors. Jesus too administered the same warning which is borne out by many of his orations in the New Testament, This was also later confirmed by the Qur’an. History bears out the veracity of the statement made both in the Qur’an and the earlier scriptures. For throughout history, since the time the Jews were warned, they have continually been subjected to abject persecution in one part of the world or another.

Ibn-Kathir

167. And (remember) when your Lord declared that He would certainly keep on sending against them, till the Day of Resurrection, those who would afflict them with a humiliating torment. Verily, your Lord is quick in retribution and certainly He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.


Eternal Humiliation placed on the Jews

﴿تَأَذَّنَ﴾

(Ta’dhdhana) means `declared’, according to Mujahid, or `ordained’, according to others. This part of the Ayah indicates a vow,

﴿لَيَبْعَثَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ﴾

(that He will keep on sending against them) against the Jews,

﴿إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَـمَةِ مَن يَسُومُهُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ﴾

(till the Day of Resurrection, those who would afflict them with a humiliating torment.) on account of their disobedience, defying Allah’s orders and Law and using tricks to transgress the prohibitions. It was reported that Musa required the Jews to pay the production tax for seven or thirteen years, and he was the first to do so. Also, the Jews fell under the humiliating rule of the Greek Kushdanin, Chaldeans and later on the Christians, who subjugated and disgraced them, and required them to pay the Jizyah (tribute tax). When Islam came and Muhammad was sent, they became under his power and had to pay the Jizyah, as well. Therefore, the humiliating torment mentioned here includes disgrace and paying the Jizyah, as Al-`Awfi narrated from Ibn `Abbas. In the future, the Jews will support the Dajjal (False Messiah); and the Muslims, along with `Isa, son of Mary, will kill the Jews. This will occur just before the end of this world. Allah said next,

﴿إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَسَرِيعُ الْعِقَابِ﴾

(Verily, your Lord is quick in retribution), with those who disobey Him and defy His Law,

﴿وَإِنَّهُ لَغَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ﴾

(and certainly He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) for those who repent and go back to Him. This Ayah mentions both the mercy, as well as, the punishment, so that no despair is felt. Allah often mentions encouragement and warning together, so that hearts always have a sense of hope and fear.

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