Surah Al-A’raf >> Currently viewing Surah Al-A’raf Ayat 171 (7:171)

Surah Al-A’raf Ayat 171 in Arabic Text

وَإِذْ نَتَقْنَا ٱلْجَبَلَ فَوْقَهُمْ كَأَنَّهُۥ ظُلَّةٌۭ وَظَنُّوٓا۟ أَنَّهُۥ وَاقِعٌۢ بِهِمْ خُذُوا۟ مَآ ءَاتَيْنَـٰكُم بِقُوَّةٍۢ وَٱذْكُرُوا۟ مَا فِيهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ
Wa iz nataqnal jabala fawqahum ka annahoo zullatunw wa zannooo annahoo waaqi’un bihim khuzoo maaa aatainaakum biquwwatinw wazkuroo maa feehi la’allakum tattaqoon (section 21)

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 171

Sahih International
And [mention] when We raised the mountain above them as if it was a dark cloud and they were certain that it would fall upon them, [and Allah said], “Take what We have given you with determination and remember what is in it that you might fear Allah.”

Yusuf Ali
When We shook the Mount over them, as if it had been a canopy, and they thought it was going to fall on them (We said): “Hold firmly to what We have given you, and bring (ever) to remembrance what is therein; perchance ye may fear Allah.”

Abul Ala Maududi
And recall when We shook the mountain over them as though it were a canopy, and they thought that it was going to fall over them; and We said: ‘Hold firmly to that which We have given you, and remember what is in it, that you may guard against evil.

Muhsin Khan
And (remember) when We raised the mountain over them as if it had been a canopy, and they thought that it was going to fall on them. (We said): “Hold firmly to what We have given you [i.e. the Taurat (Torah)], and remember that which is therein (act on its commandments), so that you may fear Allah and obey Him.”

Pickthall
And when We shook the Mount above them as it were a covering, and they supposed that it was going to fall upon them (and We said): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil).

Dr. Ghali
And (remember) as We agitated the mountain above them as if it were an overshadowing (awning) and they expected it was going to fall down on them: “Take powerfully what We have brought you, and remember what is in it, that possibly you would be pious.”.

Abdel Haleem
When We made the mountain loom high above them like a shadow, and they thought it would fall on them, We said, ‘Hold fast to what We have given you, and remember what it contains, so that you may remain conscious of God.’

Quran 7 Verse 171 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Al-A’raf ayat 171, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(7:171) And recall when We shook the mountain over them as though it were a canopy, and they thought that it was going to fall over them; and We said: Hold firmly to that which We have given you, and remember what is in it, that you may guard against evil.[132]


132. The allusion here is to the event which took place when Moses proclaimed God’s Divine Law at the foot of Mount Sinai.

Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God; and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain. And Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire; and the smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. (Exodus 19: 17-18.)

This awesome atmosphere was created by God at the time when He made the people of Israel enter into a covenant with Him in order to impress upon them the gravity of the event and the supreme importance of the covenant. It should not be mistakenly assumed, however, that the people of Israel, who were reluctant to make the covenant, were forced to enter into it. In fact they were all believers and had gone to the Mount merely to make the covenant. The extraordinary conditions which God created were such as to make the Israelites realize that making a covenant with God was not an ordinary matter. They were rather made to feel that they were entering into a covenant with none other than Almighty God and that violating it could spell their disaster.

This concludes the discourse especially addressed to the Israelites. From here on the discourse is directed to all mankind, and particularly to the people whom the Prophet (peace be on him) addressed directly.

Ibn-Kathir

171. And (remember) when We Nataqna the mountain over them as if it had been a canopy, and they thought that it was going to fall on them. (We said): “Hold firmly to what We have given you ﴿the Tawrah﴾, and remember that which is therein (act on its commandments), so that you may fear Allah and obey Him.”


Raising Mount Tur over the Jews, because of Their Rebellion

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on the Ayah,

﴿وَإِذ نَتَقْنَا الْجَبَلَ فَوْقَهُمْ﴾

(And (remember) when We Nataqna the mountain over them), “We raised the mountain, as Allah’s other statement testifies,

﴿وَرَفَعْنَا فَوْقَهُمُ الطُّورَ بِمِيثَـقِهِمْ﴾

(And for their covenant, We raised over them the mountain) ﴿4:154﴾.” Also, Sufyan Ath-Thawri narrated that Al-A`mash said that, Sa`id bin Jubayr said that Ibn `Abbas said, “The angels raised the Mount over their heads, as reiterated by Allah’s statement,

﴿وَرَفَعْنَا فَوْقَهُمُ الطُّورَ﴾

(We raised over them the mountain) ﴿4:154﴾.” Al-Qasim bin Abi Ayyub narrated that Sa`id bin Jubayr said that Ibn `Abbas said, “Musa later on proceeded with them to the Sacred Land. He took along the Tablets, after his anger subsided, and commanded them to adhere to the orders that Allah ordained to be delivered to them. But these orders became heavy on them and they did not want to implement them until Allah raised the mountain over them,

﴿كَأَنَّهُ ظُلَّةٌ﴾

(as if it had been a canopy), that is, when the angels raised the mountain over their heads.” An-Nasa’i collected it.

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