Surah Al-A’raf >> Currently viewing Surah Al-A’raf Ayat 90 (7:90)

Surah Al-A’raf Ayat 90 in Arabic Text

وَقَالَ ٱلْمَلَأُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ مِن قَوْمِهِۦ لَئِنِ ٱتَّبَعْتُمْ شُعَيْبًا إِنَّكُمْ إِذًۭا لَّخَـٰسِرُونَ
Wa qaalal mala ul lazeena kafaroo min qawmihee la’init taba’tum Shu’aiban innakum izal lakhaasiroon

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 90

Sahih International
Said the eminent ones who disbelieved among his people, “If you should follow Shu’ayb, indeed, you would then be losers.”

Yusuf Ali
The leaders, the unbelievers among his people, said: “If ye follow Shu’aib, be sure then ye are ruined!”

Abul Ala Maududi
The elders of his people who disbelieved said: ‘Should you follow Shu’ayb, you will be utter losers.

Muhsin Khan
The chiefs of those who disbelieved among his people said (to their people): “If you follow Shu’aib, be sure then you will be the losers!”

Pickthall
But the chieftains of his people, who were disbelieving, said: If ye follow Shu’eyb, then truly ye shall be the losers.

Dr. Ghali
And the chiefs who disbelieved from among his people said, “Indeed in case you (ever) follow Shuaayb, lo, surely in that case you will indeed be losers.”

Abdel Haleem
The disbelieving leaders among his people said, ‘You will certainly be losers if you follow Shuayb’-

Quran 7 Verse 90 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Al-A’raf ayat 90, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(7:90) The elders of his people who disbelieved said: ‘Should you follow Shu’ayb, you will be utter losers.[74]


74. One should not pass cursorily over this short sentence; instead one must reflect upon it. What the leaders of Midian in effect told their people was that Shu’ayb’s exhortations to practise honesty and righteousness, and to strictly adhere to moral values, would spell their disaster. They implied that they could not succeed in the business carried on by the people of Midian if they were totally honest and straightforward in their dealings. Were they to let trading caravans pass by unmolested, they would lose all the advantages of being located at the crossroads of the major trade routes and by their proximity to the civilized and prosperous countries such as Egypt and Iraq. Also, if they were to become peaceful and to cease their attacks upon the trade caravans, they would no longer be held in awe by neighbouring countries.

Such attitudes have not, however, been confined to the tribal chiefs of Shu’ayb. People who stray away from truth, honesty and righteousness, regardless of their age and clime, have always found in honesty a means of great loss. People of warped mentalities in every age have always believed that trade, politics, and other worldly pursuits can never flourish unless they resort to dishonest and immoral practices. The main objection against the Message of truth in all ages has been that the pursuit of truth spells material doom.

Ibn-Kathir

90. The chiefs of those who disbelieved among his people said (to their people): “If you follow Shu`ayb, be sure then you will be the losers!” 91. So the earthquake seized them and they lay (dead), prostrate in their homes. 92. Those who belied Shu`ayb, became as if they had never dwelt there (in their homes). Those who belied Shu`ayb, they were the losers.) Allah describes the enormity of disbelief, rebellion, transgression and misguidance (of Shu`ayb’s people) and the defiance of truth encrypted in their hearts. They vowed, saying,


﴿لَئِنِ اتَّبَعْتُمْ شُعَيْبًا إِنَّكُمْ إِذاً لَّخَـسِرُونَ﴾

(“If you follow Shu`ayb, be sure then you will be the losers!”) Allah answered them,

﴿فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ فَأَصْبَحُواْ فِي دَارِهِمْ جَـثِمِينَ ﴾

(So the earthquake seized them and they lay (dead), prostrate in their homes) Allah said that the earthquake shook them, as punishment for threatening to expel Shu`ayb and his followers. Allah mentioned their end again in Suah Hud,

﴿وَلَمَّا جَآءَ أَمْرُنَا نَجَّيْنَا شُعَيْبًا وَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مَعَهُ بِرَحْمَةٍ مِّنَّا وَأَخَذَتِ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ الصَّيْحَةُ فَأَصْبَحُواْ فِى دِيَـرِهِمْ جَـثِمِينَ ﴾

(And when Our commandment came, We saved Shu`ayb and those who believed with him by a mercy from Us. And the Sayhah (loud cry) seized the wrongdoers, and they lay (dead) prostrate in their homes.) ﴿11:94﴾ This Ayah mentions the Sayhah (cry) that struck them after they mocked Shu`ayb, saying,

﴿أَصَلَوَتُكَ تَأْمُرُكَ﴾

(Does your Salah (prayer) command you…) so it was befitting to mention here the cry that made them silence. In Surat Ash-Shu`ara’, Allah said,

﴿فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَأَخَذَهُمْ عَذَابُ يَوْمِ الظُّلَّةِ إِنَّهُ كَانَ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ ﴾

(But they belied him, so the torment of the Day of Shadow (a gloomy cloud) seized them. Indeed that was the torment of a Great Day) ﴿26:189﴾ because they challenged Shu`ayb,

﴿فَأَسْقِطْ عَلَيْنَا كِسَفاً مِّنَ السَّمَآءِ﴾

(“So cause a piece of the heaven to fall on us, if you are of the truthful!”) ﴿26:187﴾. Therefore, Allah stated that each of these forms of punishment struck them on the Day of the Shadow. First,

﴿فَأَخَذَهُمْ عَذَابُ يَوْمِ الظُّلَّةِ﴾

(So the torment of the Day of Shadow (a gloomy cloud) seized them) ﴿26:189﴾ when a gloomy cloud came over them (containing) fire, flames and a tremendous light. Next, a cry from the sky descended on them and a tremor shook them from beneath. Consequently, their souls were captured, their lives were taken and their bodies became idle,

﴿فَأَصْبَحُواْ فِي دَارِهِمْ جَـثِمِينَ﴾

(and they lay (dead), prostrate in their homes). Allah said next,

﴿كَأَن لَّمْ يَغْنَوْاْ فِيهَآ﴾

(They became as if they had never dwelt there) meaning, after the torment seized them, it looked as if they never dwelled in the land from which they wanted to expel their Messenger Shu`ayb and his followers. Here, Allah refuted their earlier statement,

﴿الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُواْ شُعَيْبًا كَانُواْ هُمُ الْخَـسِرِينَ﴾

(Those who belied Shu`ayb, they were the losers.)

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