Surah Ash-Shu’ara Ayat 13 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 13
And that my breast will tighten and my tongue will not be fluent, so send for Aaron.
“My breast will be straitened. And my speech may not go (smoothly): so send unto Aaron.
My breast is constricted and my tongue is not fluent, so endow Messengership on Aaron.
“And my breast straitens, and my tongue expresses not well. So send for Harun (Aaron) (to come along with me).
And I shall be embarrassed, and my tongue will not speak plainly, therefor send for Aaron (to help me).
And my breast will be straitened, and my tongue will not be free. (i.e., it will not express well; literally, will not go off freely) So send to Harûn. (Aaron).
and I will feel stressed and tongue-tied, so send Aaron too;
Quran 26 Verse 13 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Ash-Shu’ara ayat 13, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(26:13) My breast is constricted and my tongue is not fluent, so endow Messengership on Aaron.
10. The sentence, “My breast straitens”, shows that Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) was somewhat hesitant of going alone on such a difficult mission, and also had the feeling that he was not eloquent in speech. That is why he begged Allah to appoint Aaron too, as messenger to assist him who, being more vigorous in speech, could support and strengthen him as and when the need arose. It is just possible that in the beginning, the Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) might have begged that Aaron be appointed to Prophethood instead of him, but later when he felt that Allah willed him to be appointed to that position, he might have appealed that Aaron should at least be made his counselor and assistant. We say this because here Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) is not praying for Aaron to be made his counselor, but says: Appoint Aaron to Prophethood. On the other hand, in Surah Ta Ha, he says: Appoint for me a counselor from my family, (let it be) my brother Aaron. Then in Surah Al-Qasas, he says: My brother Aaron is more vigorous in speech than myself, so send him as an assistant with me to confirm (and support) me. From this it appears that these two requests were made later, but originally Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) had begged Allah to appoint Aaron to Prophethood instead of himself.
The Bible has a different story to tell. According to it, Prophet Moses, fearing that he would be rejected by the people of Pharaoh, and putting forward the excuse of his faltering speech, had declined to accept his appointment to prophethood on the pretext that he lacked vigor and eloquence in speech: O my, Lord, send, I pray Thee, by the hand of him whom thou wilt send. (Exodus, 4: 13), Then Allah, of His own will, appointed Aaron to be his assistant and persuaded them: to go together before Pharaoh. (Exodus, 4: 1-13). For further details, see (E.N. 19 of Ta Ha).
The tafsir of Surah Ash-Shura verse 13 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Shura ayat 10 which provides the complete commentary from verse 10 through 22.
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